Origins of Panni

The Origin of the Panni Name

The origin of the Panni name is without doubt tied to the cult of Pan, a minor god of  ancient Greece, Pan was a God of the shepherds and their flocks, born in Arcadia from Mercury and from a nymph. His mother abandoned him because he was monstrous (he had feet, beard and tail of a he-goat, human bust, hairy body and bi-horned front).

The god Pan

Mercury picked up him and brought him into the Olimpo, where he was given the name of Pane or Pan. He guarded flocks and played the syringe (flute), tool derived by the nymph Sirinx, who, while being pursued by Pan, transformed herself to reed to escape him. All the sounds and the mysterious noises of the night were attributed to him, who frightened flocks and shepherds; Since then every fear of mysterious origin was known as panic.

Origin of the country:

Recent historical and archaeological investigations indicate that between approximately the VII and the V century b C. a Greek or Illyric population penetrated inside the Dauno Appennino region of Italy. Their passage resulted in the founding many new villages in the area. It is likely that Panni was also one of the villages founded during this time.

Between the V and the I century b.C.: domination of the area by the Samnites (people of Sabellic origin) from the north " pushed " the Daunis towards the coast between the Ofanto and the Cervaro rivers, The Samnites would have overtaken many villages and also conquered Panni.

Roman domination after the civil war in 82 b.C. exterminates the Samnites and lays the foundation of today's Panni with a typically Roman urbanistic structure (decumani and hinges). The Roman occupation resulted in the restoration of the cult of Pan which lasted up until about 1720.

Original from a historical - archaeological search conducted by Renato  De Michele

Edited by Donald DeLuca